Environmental Law Service

Climate Law Database

Library: Laws

Climate Change Act 2008

UK – 2008

The UK’s legislation which introduces the world’s first long-term legally binding framework to tackle the dangers of climate change.

Download: application/pdf iconccabritish.pdf

Climate Change Act 2008 Impact Assessment

UK - Department of Energy and Climate Change – 2009

Impact Assessment of the British Climate Change Act, provides analysis and evidence for a wide range of measures covered by the Act, e.g. it presents illustrative estimates of the costs and benefits of the UK reducing greenhouse gas emission.

Climate Change Act 2008 Explanatory Notes

UK – 2008

"Explanatory notes relate to the Climate Change Act 2008 and have been prepared by the Department of Energy and Climate Change, the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs and the Department for Transport in order to assist the reader in understanding the Act. The notes need to be read in conjunction with the Act. They are not, and are not meant to be, a comprehensive description of the Act. So where a section or part of a section does not seem to require any explanation or comment, none is given."

Climate Change (Scotland) Act 2009

Scotland – 2009
Download: application/pdf iconccascottish.pdf

Proposal for Czech Climate Act

Hnutí DUHA - Friends of the Earth Czech Republic, Environmental Law Service – 2012

This paper presents the draft proposal for the climate change law and analyses related issues in the context of the Czech Republic, written in Czech language.

Climate Bill - Draft

Finland – 2008

"The Bill introduces a climate law, which sets the greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction objectives required to slow down climate change in Finland during 2010-2050. To achieve the objectives we propose a law for GHG emission reductions by 5 percent annually."

Climate Bill - Draft

Finland – 2008

Translation of the Finnish Climate Bill. "The aim the Climate Bill is to reduce national greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions annually by 5 percent. This 5 percent is calculated from the amount of emissions still present in the year in question."

Draft of the Framework Act on Climate Protection

Hungary – 2009

The Hungarian Parliament adopted the Resolution No. 60 of 2009 (24 of June) on the Preparation of a Framework Act on Climate Protection on 22 June 2009.

Resolution of the Parliament On the preparations of the climate bill

Hungary – 2009

Climate Change Response Bill 2010

Ireland – 2010

The proposal for Irish Climate Change Response Bill.

Climate Change Response Bill 2010 - Explanatory and Financial Memorandum

Ireland – 2010

Explanatory and Financial Memorandum on Irish Climate Change Response Bill 2010

Framework for Climate Change Bill 2010

Ireland – 2010

Framework for Climate Change Bill in Ireland - Irish Government

Climate Change Bill - Draft

Austria – 2011

Legislative proposal for Climate Change Bill in Austria, 2011

Climate Change Bill- Notes

Austria – 2011

The explanatory notes about the draft proposal for Austrian Climate Change Bill

Climate Change Bill- Draft

Austria – 2008

Legislative proposal for Climate Change Bill in Austria, 2008.

Climate Change Bill- Notes

Austria – 2008

The explanatory notes about the draft proposal for Austrian Climate Change Bill, 2008.

Climate Change Accountability Act

Canada – 2006

An Act to ensure Canada assumes its responsibilities in preventing dangerous climate change .The bill was passed by a majority of the House of Commons, however did not pass in the Senate.

Act on Promotion of Global Warming Countermeasures

Japan – 1998

Chapter 1 General Provisions, Chapter 2 Kyoto Protocol Target Achievement Plan, Chapter 3 Global Warming Prevention Headquarters, Chapter 4 Programs for Control of Greenhouse Gases, Chapter 5 Maintaining Greenhouse Gas Absorption by Forests and Plants, Chapter 6 Quota Account Inventory, Chapter 7 Miscellaneous Provisions, Chapter 8 Punitive Provisions.

Climate Change and Greenhouse Emissions Reduction Act 2007

South Australia – 2007

First Australian climate change legislation. The legislation sets out three targets: to reduce by 31 December 2050 greenhouse gas emissions within the State by at least 60% to an amount that is equal to or less than 40% of 1990 levels as part of a national and international response to climate change, to increase the proportion of renewable electricity generated so it comprises at least 20 per cent of electricity generated in the State by 31 December 2014, to increase the proportion of renewable electricity consumed so that it comprises at least 20 per cent of electricity consumed in the State by 31 December 2014.

Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006

California - USA – 2006

"The Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006/Assembly Bill (AB) 32, is a California State Law that fights climate change by establishing a program to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from all sources throughout the state. Among strategies is Cap-and-Trade Program, requirement to improve appliance efficiency standards and other energy efficiency measures, goal is for 33% of energy to come from renewable sources by 2020 etc."

Australia - National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act

Australia – 2007

"The National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007 introduced a national framework for the reporting and dissemination of information about greenhouse gas emissions, greenhouse gas projects, and energy use and production of corporations. The objectives, as stated in the legislation, are to: inform government policy and the Australian public, help meet Australia’s international reporting obligations, assist Commonwealth, state and territory government programs and activities, avoid the duplication of similar reporting requirements in the states and territories, underpin the introduction of an emissions trading scheme."

Climate Change Response Act 2002

New Zealand – 2002

"The Climate Change Response Act 2002 puts in place a legal framework to allow New Zealand to ratify the Kyoto Protocol and to meet its obligations under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change." http://www.mfe.govt.nz/issues/climate/index.html

Proposal for Czech Climate Act

Hnutí DUHA - Friends of the Earth Czech Republic, Environmental Law Service – 2011

Paper presents the draft proposal for the climate change law and analyses related issues in the context of the Czech Republic, written in Czech language.

Loi n°2005-781 du 13 juillet 2005 de programme fixant les orientations de la politique énergétique

France – 2005

Law establishing the guidelines for energy policy in France.

Projet de loi de programme relatif à la mise en oeuvre du Grenelle de l’environnement

France – 2008

Climate Change Act – Draft

Slovenia- 2011

Climate Change Act aims to establish the missing legislative framework for achieving climate mitigation and adaptation goals. It sets the long-term emission reduction target for Slovenia and goals in the field of adaptation.

LEY GENERAL DE CAMBIO CLIMÁTICO

Mexico – 2012

The General Law on Climate Change from Mexico.

Climate Change Act 2009

Philippines – 2009